Saturday, April 20, 2019

Anthrax Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Anthrax - Essay ExampleThey are of three typesSymptoms The causal agent does not sheath the infection immediately nevertheless requires incubation period from 7 to 60 days. The initial symptoms are alike(p) to flu with a very high temperature 100 F followed by coolness or sweat. It whitethorn throw away chest distress, difficulty in breathing, muscular fatigue. The symptoms also include non-productive cough, aching throat, headache and nausea, going of appetite, abdominal distress, vomiting or diarrhea (Mikesell,).1. Cutaneous anthrax (skin) The causal organism gains entry in the body through a cut or an abrasion especially when a person encounters every contaminated animal products or diseased animal. The organism establishes the infection with a raised bump standardised to an insect or mosquito bite, followed by itching. After 1-2 days it develops into a vesicle which takes the work of a easy ulcer. This ulcer after 7-10 days becomes black necrotic in the centre called as eschar. The body responds to this by swelling in the adjacent lymph glands. Fever, headache and distress occur. It could be fatal if antimicrobial treatment is not given.2. Inhalation anthrax The incubation period varies from 2 to 60 days. The symptoms are similar to common glacial or sore throat with a mild fever and muscular pain and malaise. It is not contagious but if untreated the condition results in serious breathing pique, shock, symptoms like pneumonia or may give rise to meningitis. It may become fatal in 24 to 36 hrs.3. Gastrointestinal anthrax It is more than severe form of anthrax than cutaneous form, caused by the consumption of contaminated animal product. This is featured by an acute inflammation of the intestinal tract. The condition onset with nausea, vomiting with blood, followed by loss of appetite, fever and severe abdominal pain and severe diarrhea with blood. It may be fatal in 25-60% of the cases as ascites fills the abdomen, followed by shock an death w ithin the span of 2-5 days. 4. Oropharyngeal anthrax It is not a popular form of anthrax. This encompasses fever, swelling in the lymph nodes especially in the cervical region and severe throat pain and discomfort in swallowing. Sometimes ulcer may appear at the basal region of tongue. If condition is not cured then breathing distress occurs (http//www.bt.cdc.gov).Treatment and PreventionThe disease is not contagious but the fomites of the patients may be contaminated with the spores of the causal organism. Decontamination of people and belongings is crucial with an antimicrobial agent or with bleach especially formaldehyde as chlorine is ineffective to kill vegetative cells and also the spores. Articles sack be decontaminated by boiling them in water for at least 30 mins.Timely sustentation and antibiotic therapy can enhance the chances of survival of the victims. Therapy can be started with the oral course of antibiotics followed by endovenous doses (IV).Fluoroquinolones like ci profloxacin (cipro), doxycycline, erythromycin, vancomycin or penicillin. Early antibiotic prophylaxis can prevent the disease pickings the fatal form.Quarantine

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